每日翻译练习[九五]

Automobile exhaust is a serious pollution problem in Riverside, and instituting tolls at Riverside’s bridges would reduce the total number of miles traveled by auto-mobiles. Nevertheless, overall pollution levels would not decrease because there would be long lines at the toll booths, and automobiles expel more exhaust per minute while idling than in any other driving situation.

 

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

 

  •  Any reduction in automobile exhaust resulting from a reduction in the miles traveled by cars would be matched or surpassed by the additional exhaust resulting from toll lines.
  •  Cars in Riverside spend more time, on average, idling than they do in other driving situations.
  •  Increasing automobile exhaust at the bridges will not significantly affect air pollution because few drivers use the bridges in Riverside frequently.
  •  Reducing automobile exhaust is not the most effective way of reducing air pollution.
  •  The inconvenience of idling in the long toll lines at Riverside’s bridges will cause most drivers to change their driving routes, not the amount of driving that they do.

 

————————————————————————

答案:(A)——press ctrl+A to see the correct answer

 

问题:上面的论述依赖于下面那一个假设?

读题:汽车废气是Riverside一个严重的污染问题,在Riverside的桥上收取通行费将会减少汽车行驶的英里数。尽管如此,仍无法降低总的污染水平,因为在收费亭排起了长队,而汽车停着不走时会比其在行驶状态下放出更多的废气。

 

分析:文中前面讲的是好处,降低英里数,Nevertheless一转折,讲了另一方面的坏处,

   推理成立,必须基于一个假设后者排放的废气超过了因减少行使的英里数而节省

   的废气。

 

a. 因为交费排队产生的多余废气会相当于或超过因汽车行驶里程数减少的汽车尾气。

b. Riverside的车平均会耗去更多的无用时间。

c. 在桥上增加的汽车尾气不会严重影响大气污染,因为在Riverside很少有司机经常驾车过桥。

d. 减少汽车尾气排放并不是控制空气污染的最好方法。

e. Riverside的桥上排队交"通行费"所带来的不便,使大多数人改变行车路线,而是改变行驶的里程数。


 

今日音乐

 

red hot chili peppers <by the way>

太熟悉的歌曲了,每次看NBA都会放

This entry was posted in Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s