每日翻译练习[五七]

Koxinga 

 


Zheng Chenggong, better known in the West as Koxinga, was really the rare kind of hero in Chinese history.

郑成功(在西方人们更愿意敬称他为国姓爷)是中国历史上杰出的民族英雄。

First, Zheng belonged to those that you would never imagine dying for the harsh-rule Ming Dynasty. Zheng was a mixed-blood (his mother was Japanese). Zheng’s father was a pirate that became turncoat twice (first to Ming then to Qing).

郑成功出生在风雨飘摇的明朝末期。它是中日混血,母亲是一个日本女人,父亲是个海盗,曾先后被判过明朝和清朝。

So Zheng should not be a bit emotionally attached to Ming, then why was he the last one to fight for Ming even at the risk of his father’s life?

按理说,郑成功对明王朝没有什么情感可言,可他为什么要逆父意而助明朝呢?

Zheng’s accomplishment was amazing. He was:

郑成功的历史功绩包括:

(1) The first real Chinese naval general in history (if you count Zheng He then he was the second). Throughout all the years before he conquered Taiwan, his navy just based on the two islands of Jinmen and Xiamen but gave the formidable 8-Banner Army big headache.

他是中国历史上第一位海军统领(算上郑和的话,他是第二个)。在他统治台湾时期,他的海军仅仅镇守着金门和厦门两处,却给强大的清军带来了无限烦恼。

(2) Zheng was the first Chinese who defeated a western power. His capture of Taiwan from the Dutch in 1661 predated Qing’s defeat of Russia at Nerchinsky for 27 years.

他是中国历史上第一个成功反抗西方列强的人,1661年,他在台湾俘虏了荷兰侵略者,这比清朝在尼布楚击败俄罗斯还要早27年。

(3) The first Chinese strategist that western powers fear – When General Zheng stated that he planned to attack Luzon, the Spaniards were so scared that they slaughtered over 10,000 Chinese in Luzon.

他是第一位让西方侵略者们感到畏惧的战略家:当得知国姓爷要攻打吕宋岛是,吕宋岛上曾屠杀一万多中国人的西班牙人着实吓得够呛。

Too bad General Zheng died at the young age of 37.

不幸的是,国姓爷于37岁英年早逝。

General Zheng didn’t receive any praise from Qing after death understandably. But Zheng was very popular after his death in Japan. The famous playwright Chikamatsu Monzaemon wrote a Kabuki play Kokusenya Kassen in the 18th century.

他死后当然不会受到清朝的颂扬。但是他的故事却在日本非常流行,当时日本著名的剧作家近松门左卫门就以郑成功的故事为原本创作了戏剧《国姓爷合战》。

Ming started with Zheng He and ended with Zheng Chenggong. Both were despised (the former a eunuch and Moslem while the latter was mixed blood and pirate) by the society but devoted their best for Ming. How ironic is history!

明朝兴盛于郑和下西洋而衰亡于郑成功收复台湾。两个倍受社会鄙视的下层人物(前者是一个回民太监,而后者是海盗后裔)却给了明王朝最大的贡献。历史是多么的讽刺。

Other than the twice turncoat Zheng Sr., the Zheng family adhered strictly to the Confucian tradition. When the news of the death of the last Ming Emperor was heard, Koxinga’s mother, the lady from Nagasaki, hanged herself. Imagine so many so-called Ming scholars just shaved their head and kept pigtails then swore allegiance to the new Qing Emperor while a Japanese lady would sacrifice herself for the cause of Ming!

尽管郑成功的父亲两次背叛朝廷,郑氏家族还是谨遵儒道的。明朝灭亡后,郑母田川氏为免受辱于清兵,因此上吊身亡。如此多的明朝官吏为了自保,削光脑门,蓄发扎辫,委曲求全与清朝。而这样一位来自日本长崎的妇人却有殒身抗清的大义之举,实在是鲜明对比。

On the other hand, when Koxinga heard his son committing adultery with his wet nurse, he ordered to put his son to death. In Ming court, even the Emperor committed such immoral act. But Koxinga thought it was a big offense against Confucian thought.

郑成功得知儿子与奶妈乱伦以后,下令赐死爱子。就算是在明朝的宫廷里面,皇帝也会干这种龌鹾之事。但在国姓爷看来,违反儒道天理不容。

When the 8-Banner Army stormed south, all those Ming resistance crumbled. Those bandit groups (peasant uprising heroes per Marxist standard) which dethroned Ming were like mice facing cats under the chase of 8-Banner Army. But only Koxinga could stage a counter-attack. He almost recaptured Nanjing from Qing.

当八旗军横扫中国南方,明朝的防御土崩瓦解。推翻了明朝统治的农民军被八旗军队追得抱头鼠窜。只有国姓爷的军队有能力与八旗军队抗衡,曾一度收复南京。

 


今日音乐

Dr.Dre      《the next episode》

本人认为最伟大的HIPHOP歌手

要是没有Dr.Dre

那个叫Eminem的白人也不可能在饶舌界呼风唤雨

这首歌出自Dr.Dre的最伟大专辑《2001》

据统计,每一个美国20-45岁男人的车里  都有一本《2001》的CD

我相信这个数据!!

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2 Responses to 每日翻译练习[五七]

  1. QQ says:

    潇潇,你弄了这个每日之歌了,顿时BLOG开始生辉了。加油!下次搞个爵士专题好了,我肯定捧场的啊!

  2. QQ says:

    这个Dr.Dre 是不是最近主演了《极限战士2》啊?演技也还不错啊!

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