每日翻译练习[五二]

Hundreds of seals have died recently from consuming fish of a certain species that have been contaminated with an industrial chemical that is toxic to mammals, even in small amounts. Yet even though many people also eat fish of that species, none of these people have been harmed as a result.

 

Which of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy above?

 

  •  The species of fish contaminated by the toxic chemical is not itself harmed by that chemical.
  •  The toxic chemical collects in those parts of the fish eaten by seals but not by people.
  •  Traces of the toxic chemical have been found in some people whose diets include no fish or fish products.
  •  The species of fish contaminated by the toxic chemical comprises a relatively small part of the seals’ total diet.
  •  The toxic chemical remains toxic even after exposure to temperatures higher than those at which the fish is generally cooked.

 

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答案:(B)

 

读题:最近数以百计的海豹因吃一种被工业化学物质污染的鱼而死亡,这种化学物质即使微量也对哺乳动物有毒,但是,尽管许多居民也吃这种鱼,至今无人因此死亡

 

问题:下面哪一个,if true,最帮助解决上面明显的矛盾?

 

 

A. 被有毒化学物污染的鱼类本身并未被该化学物质伤害。

B. 有毒化学物质集中于鱼的某一部分,海豚吃这部分肉,而人却不吃。

D.受污染的鱼只占海豹食物的很小一部分。

C. 有些不吃鱼或鱼制品的人体内,也发现了有毒化学物质。

E. 置身于比通常烧鱼还高的温度下,有毒化学物质依旧有毒。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The human craving for sweets was once beneficial. It attracted people to foods that were healthful (ripe fruit, for example) in preference to foods that were not healthful (unripe fruit, for example). However, now that sugar has been refined, it follows that a craving for sweets is no longer beneficial, because refined sugar is not healthful.

 

Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the argument above?

 

  •  Some foods can be healthful when cooked even if they are not healthful when eaten raw
  •  Some people who crave sweets are more likely to eat a piece of ripened fruit than they are to eat a piece of candy.
  •  People who crave sweets are more likely to eat a food that contains refined sugar than a naturally sweet food like ripe fruit.
  •  Prehistoric humans probably were not able to distinguish between healthful foods and unhealthful foods without relying on their sense of taste.
  •  Some unrefined foodstuffs are no more nutritious than their refined counterparts.

 

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答案:(C)

 

读题:人类喜欢吃甜食曾经是有利的,甜食吸引人们去吃一些健康的东西(如熟葡萄),而不愿意吃不健康的食物(如酸葡萄),但是,一旦有精炼糖之后,人们喜欢吃甜食就不再有益健康了,因为精制糖是不健康的。

 

问题:下面哪一个,if true,最加强上面的论述?

 

A. 有些食物尽管生吃不健康,做熟了可能就会健康。

B. 喜欢吃甜食的人往往喜欢成熟的水果胜于吃含精制糖

C. 喜欢吃甜食的人往往喜欢吃含精制糖的食物,甚于吃自然发甜的食物,如熟葡萄。

D.不品尝食物的话,很难分辨是否为健康食品。

E. 有些非精制食物不比精制食物富有营养。

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