每日翻译练习[四四]

John: It is permissible and even advisable to execute criminals convicted of brutal murders. After all, a publicized execution can serve to deter heinous crimes and thus minimize suffering in the long run. Capital punishment is a kind of societal self-defense.

Mary: You are ignoring the prior issue of whether a state or society has the right to take anyone’s life. If there is no such right. then, the issue of whether capital punishment deters crime is irrelevant.

 

If it were determined that capital punishment does not serve to deter crime. John’s and Mary’s positions would be affected in which of the following ways?

 

 

  • Neither John’s nor Mary’s position would be affected.
  • Both John’s and Mary’s positions would be weakened.
  • Mary’s position would be strengthened but John’s position would not be affected.
  • John’s position would be weakened but Mary’s position would not be affected,
  • John’s position would be weakened and Mary’s position would be strengthened.

 

————————————————————————

 

 

读题:

John:对被控告为残忍的杀人犯执行死刑是允许的甚至是明智的。毕竟,公开地执行死刑可以恐吓凶恶的犯罪,并因此在将来使遭受的犯罪减少到最小。死刑的惩罚是一种社会的自我保护。

Mary:你忽视了一个前提,一个国家和社会是否有权利剥夺一个人生命的前提。如果没有这样的权利,那么死刑惩罚是否恐吓犯罪的问题就变得无关了。

 

问题:如果已经确定,死刑惩罚并没有恐吓犯罪,John和Mary的观点将被下面哪一种方式

   所影响?

 

  • 两人的观点都不受影响。
  • 两人观点都将被削弱。
  • Mary的观点将被加强,而John的不受影响。
  • John的观点被削弱,而Mary的观点不受影响。
  • John的观点被削弱,Mary的观点被加强。

 

答案:(D)

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