每日翻译练习[三七]

Noise pollution

噪音污染

 

Shanghai may have the glamour of an international city in many aspects, but it is certainly not "a friendly city for the ears". Noise made by vehicles, construction sites, crowded stores and markets, bars, restaurants and entertainment venues has been rising over the past decade. People’s discontent about increasing noise harassment tops other complaints about the environment they live in. Victims’ exposure to noise is high above the tolerable level. With noisy surroundings, people can get earache more easily and suffer from unsound sleep and bad memories. They can also have neural and cardiovascular diseases.

作为一个国际大都市,上海队每个人都充满了魅力,但是它似乎对你的耳朵总是不友好。汽车、建筑工地、超级市场、酒吧、饭店以及娱乐场所的噪音污染越来越严重。市民对于噪音污染的意见在所有环境问题中是最高的。市民普遍反映噪声级别已经超过了可以容忍的限度。身处这样一个嘈杂的环境里,耳疾的发生率更高,失眠健忘也随之而来。噪音对于神经和心血管系统的影响也不容小视。

Noise pollution is only one of the fallouts from unplanned and uncontrolled urbanization. There are some reasons that explain the attitude of the noise criminals and also of the victims of noise pollution: insufficient infrastructure, unqualified drivers who honk unnecessarily and frequently, cultural and social habits, lack of effective law enforcement, low awareness of people and the population pressure.

噪音是无计划的城市化所带来的唯一后果。有这样一些原因来解释噪音制造者或是受害者们心态:基础薄弱;司机乱鸣喇叭;市民的社会文化习惯;相关法律的缺失;市民对污染的意识普遍不足。

I still bear in my mind an impression of the annoying ruckus of an old Shanghai, represented by diesel vehicles with dark smoke and thrilling noise! According to local traffic rules, drivers are banned from honking their horns inside the Inner Ring Road as well as some parts of the city’s exterior areas. While the ban has been in effect for several years, it is incredible and terrible that drivers continuously produce so much noise. But some local drivers said they are forced to break the rule out of safety concerns. Jaywalkers, bad drivers and cyclists who dart across the streets without looking are the reason local drivers spend a lot of their time on the road honking the horn, as many local residents say the city’s streets are too noisy.

笔者还记得老上海柴油车宏轰鸣的日子,大街上黑烟滚滚、噪音刺耳!根据上海市的规定,内环线以内以及环线外一些区域司机禁鸣喇叭。该项规定已经实行了若干年,可是司机们还是大摇大摆的制造噪音。乱穿马路的人、素质差的司机、骑单车钻来钻去的人,面对这些情况,司机们不得不鸣喇叭,以至于大街上的噪音超标。

Because of the limited amount of land downtown, many high-rises have to be built along or surrounded by the elevated roads or road with heavy traffic, meaning residents are forced to put up with a lot of load noise. Probably a much more effective solution is to put double-paned glass in all residential buildings (like ours) to greatly reduce noise pollution.

为了解决中心城区的狭窄,上海在一些交通形势严峻的道路上修建了高架,居民们不得不面对更多噪音的来袭。一个比较有效的解决方法就是给住房加装双层玻璃,彻底阻隔噪音。

Additionally, many residents complain about noise from other sources, such as night clubs and even downtown parks or public places where senior citizens often take part in morning exercises. Noise is omnipresent, like loud music in a cheap restaurant or a barber’s shop. When you embark on an ambitious remodeling project, the construction work will adversely affected the outdoor environment by creating excessive noise and that will drive your close neighbors crazy!

有一些居民对于其他的噪音反映也很强烈,比如夜总会或者是公园晨练的人、廉价饭店和发廊里面音乐—-噪音总是无所不在。你若是想搞个装修,肯定会弄出很多噪音,影响到邻居的正常生活。

Multifarious efforts by various sectors are required to control noise pollution and improve the environmental conditions of the city in general. Government’s noise pollution control regulations make a positive sign. Some other solutions might be tried like planting more trees, making city streets off-limit for heavy trucks, installing more traffic signs, creating public awareness, strictly enforcing and implementing rules and regulations, and adjusting some cultural manners.

为了减少噪音污染,市政府采取的管理条文非常奏效。还有其它一些方法也很有用,再街旁多种树、限制卡车行驶、加装更多交通标识、提醒公众意识、强制推行一些相关管理条例、改正一些陋习。 

 

 

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