It was natural to see a wave of "moonlighting", when the pursuit of ideology failed and people went after monetary goals. Most of the moonlighters see the second job as a way to fulfill their dreams or a new revenue stream that brings in a bit of extra cash to alleviate economic pressure. At the beginning, moonlighting was limited: TV stars hosting outside shows for an extra buck, reporters covering "paid" stories and a lot of "Saturday Engineers" working for township enterprises… However, moonlighting advances with times as well and the current popular moonlighting jobs are teacher, freelance writer, interior designer, bar musician and engineer.
Doctors’ moonlighting is a popular phenomenon in hospitals around China and has raised a lot of debate in the media. Though moonlighting is forbidden by health administrations and many hospitals as an underground activity, many doctors’ schedules have got much tighter and they often work outside their registered hospital without permission. Some even "moonlight" outside of the city for extra money.
Teachers are good moonlighters. Some great teachers earn their housings and private cars by tutoring. Even a young girl as a school music teacher can do moonlighting quite well by playing piano at a restaurant and tutoring a dozen of piano students in her spare time. For renowned senior teachers, taking part in exam design work, textbook writing and editing, as well as giving lectures can bring them both fame and personal profit.
Incredibly, university students are also busy with moonlighting. A few years ago, they only had the choice of being family tutors to earn some pocket money. But now, more and more of them work for companies (paid by the hour), a much better channel for them to learn practical skills and earn more money.
What is more, some civil servants have been taking jobs in the private sector. The "double identities" of these business-running civil servants are the sources of crime. They violate the ethics rules and laws and impair independent judgment.
Though it is widely accepted that so long as moonlighting doesn’t affect full-time work there is nothing wrong with doing it, many employers are strongly against grey income moonlighting with stiff penalties. A moonlighting employee is more likely to call in sick or less productive at the regular job. So the business reasons for the no-moonlighting rule articulated include scheduling conflicts, employee fatigue, conflicts of interest and divided loyalties, or the need for employees to be available for on-call work and overtime. But, employees who want to earn extra money at a second job often view no-moonlighting rules as an unfair restraint of trade or limitation of their livelihood.