每日翻译练习[二七]

Origin of Youtiao

油条溯源

 

Youtiao, an everyday Chinese breakfast food, is basically two long fried sticks attached together, made up of flour and cooked in vegetable oil. It is often served with Doujiang, kind of soybean milk.

油条是一种最简单的棍状面食,以面粉为原料下油锅炸制而成,就着豆浆食用,这就是中国人最为平常的早饭内容。

Youtiao had its origin dating back to the story of Yue Fei during the Southern Song Dynasty. Yue was one of China’s most beloved heroes, a general whose patriotism was rooted in his childhood. He was born in a poor and humble family. When he was young, his mother tattooed on his back these 4 characters: "Jin Zhong Bao Guo" which meant Loyalty and Patriotism.

油条的起源要追溯到南宋岳飞抗金时期。岳飞是中国最受敬仰的民族英雄之一,是一位从小立志报国的英雄。岳飞出身贫寒,小时候岳母就在其背后刺上“精忠报国”四个字,激励他为国捐躯。

As a young man, Yue witnessed the fall of the Northern Song Dynasty to Jurchen invaders. As a general during the Southern Song Dynasty, he was determined to prevent the Jurchens from advancing into the south, and launched offensives to recover the former Northern Song territory. The soldiers who fought under Yue highly respected him for his intelligence and integrity. His words to his soldiers became famous: "Do not tear down houses because you need firewood, even if you are freezing; do not steal from the people, even if you are hungry".

年幼的岳飞亲眼目睹了金兵入侵,北宋覆灭。当了南宋的将军以后,他决心力抗金人,收复北宋失地。士兵们都十分敬重岳将军,因为他善于谋略,治军严明,其军以“冻死不拆屋,饿死不掳略”著称。

Yue won many victories against the Jins and once defeated an enemy force of 500,000 strong with only 800 men. The Jin commander sighed that it is easier to shake Taishan Mount than Yue’s army.

岳飞抗金屡获战功,朱仙镇一役,他以800精兵力抗巫术50万大军,金兵叹曰:“撼山易,撼岳家军难”

At that time, China was divided as to how to deal with the Jins. Many people wanted continued resistance and others wanted peace at all costs. Although Yue, along with another general, Han Shizong, had recovered a large part of Song territory, the capitulationists dominated the court and took the real power. As Yue was about to recover Kaifeng, the former Northern Song capital, the emperor Gaozong recalled him back to Hangzhou. Yue could not believe what he saw and thought the order was a fake. He at first ignored it, but then Gaozong sent repeated orders telling him to come back to the capital. Yue had to come back because not to do so would be insubordination. Of course he did not know the devious intentions of Gaozong and Qin Hui.

但是,中国的版图被金人削去大半。有一部分人支持抗争到底,有一部分则愿意偏安一隅。岳飞和韩世忠亮两位将军南征北战,收复了大片的失地,但是投降主义者们控制了朝廷。收复前朝都城开封后,高宗竟然招岳飞回杭州,岳飞大惑不解,以为是假情报。高宗再三催促,岳飞不敢抗旨,迫不得已挥泪班师,然而他并不知道这是高宗和秦桧的阴谋。

Qin, the prime minister, persuaded Gaozong that it would be better to make a peace treaty with the Jins rather than fight them. Qin and his wife then thought of a scheme to get rid of Yue. Yue was thrown into jail based on fabricated charges and then executed.

宰相秦桧说服高宗与金人求和,并与其内人一道谋害岳飞,岳爷爷含冤入狱,不久遇害。

Although Qin’s act was despicable, Gaozong was the real bad guy here. He held the ultimate authority and did not have to listen to Qin. He listened to Qin because that would alleviate his insecurity of having to face the possibility of Yue accompanying the two captured Song emperors back to the capital. Gaozong feared for his job and was willing to appease the Jin and keep his throne, rather than lose it by reestablishing Chinese sovereignty.

秦桧固然恶毒,然而岳飞之死罪魁祸首还是高宗。他手握实权,完全可以不理会秦桧的蛊惑,但他惧怕岳飞助两位被俘皇帝重振北宋,他您愿与金人求和,就算不能收复北宋领土。

The people hated Qin afterwards. A dough maker took two pieces of dough, shaped them into Qin and his wife, dipped them in boiling hot oil, and invited people to take bites out of his new delicacy. People began to call this food "You Zha Hui" (deep-fried Hui). This is said to be the origin of today’s Youtiao.

秦桧后来成了千古罪人,被万人唾弃。有个厨子做了种食物,两条面团代表秦桧和他夫人,在油里炸过再给人们啃咬,人们管这种食物叫“油炸桧”,这就是最早的油条的起源。

 

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