每日翻译练习[二四]

Children’s Day

儿童节

 

 

Children’s Day is celebrated in many parts of the world. It is a day to highlight the dignity of children and their need for love, care, and respect, and instill in the children a sense of independence and national pride. It is also a day to honor adults that have contributed to improving the lives of children.

全球各地都有儿童节,儿童节是以关爱儿童尊敬儿童为主题的节日,并教育孩子们热爱国家。这个节日同时对那些为儿童生存做出贡献的成年人表达敬意。

In August 1925, some 54 representatives from different countries gathered together in Geneva, Switzerland to convene the first "World Conference for the Wellbeing of Children", during which the "Geneva Declaration Protecting Children" was passed. The proclamation made a strong appeal for the spiritual needs of children, relief for children in poverty, prevention of child labor, reassessing the way that children are educated and other issues related to the welfare of children around the world.

1925年8月,来自54个国家的代表在瑞士日内瓦召开了“全球儿童幸福大会”,此次大会通过了“日内瓦儿童保护宣言”,郑重呼吁关注儿童的精神需要;减少儿童贫困;严禁雇用童工行为;保证儿童受教育权利以及其他关于全球儿童利益的问题。

After the conference, various governments around the world designated a day, different in each country, as Children’s Day, to encourage and bring joy to children as well as to draw the attention of society to children’s issues.

会后,为了真正实现孩子们的幸福生活,也为了真正体现出对儿童问题的关注,很多国家的政府设立了自己的儿童节。

Universal Children’s Day is on November 20. First proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1954, it was established to encourage all countries to institute a day, firstly to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and secondly to initiate action to benefit and promote the welfare of the world’s children.

11月20日的世界的儿童节,由联合国大会于1954年设立,首要主题是促进和儿童的沟通理解,其次是采取措施来保卫儿童的利益。

Many countries like China chose to celebrate the International Children’s Day on June 1, which has been established in November 1949 at the International Democratic Women’s League Council held in Moscow. The Day, which is also called the First of June, is explained as "an international memorial day that exists upon the purpose of securing lives and rights of children and encouraging their happiness and health".

更多的国家选择6.1儿童节(国际儿童节),这是1949年莫斯科世界妇女大会通过的。6月1日是一个“关注儿童身心健康的国际性节日”

However, Women’s/Children’s Day (formerly Children’s Day) is celebrated in Taiwan on April 4. This day marks the restoration of Taiwan to Chinese rule in 1945 after half a century of Japanese occupation.

1945年,日本结束了在台湾半个多世纪的统治,台湾地区将4月4日定为“妇女儿童日”,即台湾的儿童节。

May 5 is Children’s Day in Japan. It became a national holiday in 1948, but it has been a day of celebration in Japan since ancient times. It was traditionally a festival for boys. Girls have their own festival, held on March 3.

日本的儿童节是5月5日,这是一个古老节日,1948年,日本政府将其定为法定节假日。但是这只是男孩子们的节日,女孩们的节日是每年的3月3日。

In India, the birthday of Jawaharlal Nehru is celebrated as Children’s Day every year, on November 14.

印度将每年11月14日尼赫鲁的生日作为儿童节。

April 23 is the "National Sovereignty and Children’s Day" in Turkey. It was Mustafa Kemal Aataturk, the Father of the Republic of Turkey who loved children so much, that started the Day, the same date when the Republic of Turkey was founded. On the Day, certain children are selected to take over the places of the government and even a lucky kid is the president of Turkey for a whole day!

土耳其的开国元勋Mustafa Kemal Aataturk特别喜欢孩子,4月23日土耳其宣布成立共和国,他将此日定为土耳其的“君主及儿童日”。在这一天,孩子们成了国家的主人,而且将有一个幸运儿当一天总统。

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