每日翻译练习[二三]

Famous Prostitutes in China’s History

中国历史名妓

 

Don’t underestimate the contribution of Chinese women even if they work in the humblest profession. In Chinese history, there were some prostitutes that served pivotal role.

不要小看了这些从事皮肉生意的女人们,她们的贡献也是如此巨大。在中国历史上,有几位妓女曾扮演过重要的角色。

(1) Li Shishi:

She was so attractive that the Song Emperor sneaked out of the palace in a snowy stormy night. According to poem, the Song Emperor was addicted to eat the orange peeled by her. And of course, the 108 heroes in the Water Margin could not gain a foothold in the Song Court without her bedside lobbying.
李师师:这个绝色女子把皇帝的魂都勾掉了,为了她徽宗风雪夜潜出皇宫,为了她徽宗吃桔子连皮都不剥。当然,如果没有师师的帮助,水浒108好汉也不会在朝廷得以立足。

(2) Sai Jinhua:

Without her seduction towards the German Commander of the Allied 8-power united army during the Boxer Uprising, it is hard to imagine how many more Chinese artifacts would wind up in the museums of Berlin, London, Paris and Moscow. She should be nominated for an award by the Cultural Ministry.

赛金花:义和团起义时,要不是赛姑娘诱惑了八国联军的德国指挥官,难以想象现在还会有多少的国宝流到国外,陈列在柏林、伦敦、巴黎或者莫斯科的博物馆中。现在的文化部门真的该好好嘉奖她。

(3) Xiao Fengxian:

Without her bedside mumbling, General Cai would not risk his life to flee back to Yunnan to declare independence. Yuan Shikai’s emperor dream would still be alive and people may be kowtowing to Yuan’s Great Grandson today. She was indeed the architect in rebuilding the republic.

 小凤仙:若没有小凤仙的耳边细语,蔡锷恐怕不会冒险逃回云南,并自立军队,袁大头的皇帝梦说不定就真的实现了,大概现在是他的曾孙子执政了吧。就是一个这样的弱女子,为中国民主革命的胜利,做出了如此之大的贡献。

(4) Chen Yuanyuan:

She was a prostitute who also made a contribution (indirectly) in shaping Chinese history. There is a saying that "beauty can conquer the mighty", and she was no exception. She was said to be exceptionally beautiful and her capture by Li Zicheng was one of the reasons (although not the main one) that caused Wu Sangui to open Shanhaiguan to the Manchus. After the fall of the Ming, she disappeared and supposedly became a nun.

陈圆圆:她也是一个影响了中国历史走向的妓女,有句老话说得好“英雄难过美人关”,她就是很好的例子。当年她是闯王身边的爱妃,绝色倾城,后来吴三桂为她开了山海关,满洲人才得以进入中原,取代明王朝。明朝覆灭后,陈圆圆就销声匿迹了,据说去当了尼姑。

(5) Liu Rushi:

She was the most respectable prostitute in China’s history. She was not only good at poem, calligraphy, drawing and Chinese zither, but also showed high moral value when the country facing danger. After southern Ming’s capital was occupied by Manchurian, she persuaded his husband, a respectable "loyal" Confucian scholar to suicide for the country, but he said the water was too cold when in the middle of the river. After her husband’s surrender, she still helped those resistant soldiers. A former prostitute was a moral model during the collapse of Ming dynasty. 

柳如是:中国历史上最值得人尊敬的一个妓女。不但琴、棋、书、画样样拿手,而且深明大义。满洲人攻入开封,国难当头,柳如是劝阻了想要自杀的丈夫钱谦益;她还上战场去帮助士兵,鼓励他们对抗满人。就是这样的一个风月女子,成为了明朝末年的道德典范。

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