每日翻译练习[九]

今天的翻译练习是GRE真题

希望各位在看得时候一定不要看中文

看了一遍英文以后  作出答案 再来看中文翻译

充分调动您的逻辑思维能力  这两道题是GRE最有代表性却也是最简单的两道题

难度很小   答案以后揭晓

 

Certain extremely harmful bacteria found only in sewage are different to detect directly. Testing for E Coli, an easily detected and less harmful type of bacteria, in ocean water would be a reliable way of determining whetheror or not these more harmful bacteria are present, since ocean water contains E Coli only if the water is contaminated with sewage that contains the harmful bacteria.
污水中有一种有害菌的测定十分不易,但是对海水中的一种有益菌(EColi)的检测却十分简单。通过测定EColi含量来确定是否含有那种有害菌的方法非常可行的,因为海水只有被含有那种有害菌的污水污染后,才会含有EColi。

which of the following, if ture, most seriously weaken the arguement?
以下哪一个的命题,如果成立,最能够削弱前面所述的论断。

A   There are many different strains of the E Coli bacteria, and only some of these strains are harmful.
Ecoli有多个种类,只有几种是有害的。
B   Some type of bacteria found in sewage are neither disease-causing nor diffcult to detect directly.
在污水中找到有一些菌类既无害也不难于检测。
C   Some of the types of bacteria found in sewage along with E Coli are not harmful to people unless the bacteria are ingested in large quantities.
包括EColi在内的很多污水中找到的菌类,对人类并没有危害,除非是大剂量的摄入。
D   E Coli dies out much more quikly than some of the more harmful bacteria found in sewage and then no longer be easily detected.
EColi的死亡速度比那种有害菌要快的多。
E   Some of the types of bacteria found in sewage along with E Coli reproduce at a slower rate than E Coli.
污水中找到的某些菌类(包括EColi),其再生速度要慢于EColi。

 

 

Most television viewers estimate how frequently a particular type of accident
or crime occurs by how extensively it is discussed on television news shows.
Television news shows report more on stories that include dramatic pictures such
as fires and motor vehicle accidents than they do on more common stories that
have little visual drama such as bookkeeping fraud.
许多电视观众通过一种特定事故或犯罪在电视新闻上被讨论的广阔性来估计其发生的频率。电视新闻报道包含象开枪射击或汽车事故等生动场面的事情比包含象偷书等不带有视觉效果的事情要多。
 
If the statements above are true, it can be properly concluded that which of
the following is also true?
如果上面的陈述正确,则能够推断出下面哪一个一定正确?

A   The time that television news reporters spend researching news stories is directly related to the number of viewers who will be affected by events like those in the news stories.
电视新闻记者花在研究新闻事件上的时间,与受此节目相关内容影响的电视观众的数量直接有关。
B   It is easier for crimes such as bookkeeping fraud to go unprosecuted than it is for crimes such as arson.
比起枪击一类的案件,偷书这一类案件的犯罪率更容易下降。
C   The number of fires and motor vehicle accidents greatly increases after each television news show that includes dramatic pictures of a fire or motor vehicle accident.
电视上播放了这些有生动画面的开枪和翻车事件后,相关案件的发生率大大提高了。
D   Viewers of television news shows tend to overestimate the number of fires and motor vehicle accidents that occur relative to the number of crimes of bookkeeping fraud.
电视观众往往高估了枪击或追车案件的发生率,这类事件的发生率其实和偷书这类案件的发生率差不多。
E   The usual selection of news stories for television news shows is determined by the number of news reporters available for assignment.
当包含象开枪射击或汽车事故等场面的新闻被报道之后,开枪或汽车事故的数目将大大增加。

 

 

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